Biological Sciences (BIOLOGY)

Courses

BIOLOGY 110   BOB:BIOLOGY OF THE BRAIN (GM)   3 Units

BOB: Biology of the Brain, is a freshman-level introductory course that will cover broad topics of Scientific Method, Scientific Thinking, and initiate creitical thinking skills using the field of neuroscience as the backdrop for investigation. BAsic understanding of nerve biology, nerve cell function, communication between nerve cells will follow. The course will climax with a survey of the final product of nerve activity: behavior. Not applicable to Biology Emphases or Biology Minors. Three hours of lecture per week. Offered every semester.
COREQ: MATH 141 OR MATH 140 OR WAIVER

BIOLOGY 120   BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS (GL)   4 Units

A terminal course designed to introduce basic principles of life, such as structure and function, reproduction, evolution, diversity, and adaptation, leading to a broader understanding of man and his biological environment. Not applicable to biology emphases or minors. Three lectures and two hours of laboratory per week.
COREQ: MATH 141 OR MATH 140 OR WAIVER

BIOLOGY 141   INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY I (GL)   5 Units

An introduction to biology emphasizing the chemistry of life, the cell, metabolism, genetics, bacteria and protists. Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion and two hours of laboratory per week. This course is prerequisite to all advanced courses in biology for majors and minors. Offered every term.
PREREQ: MATH 141 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR WAIVER.

BIOLOGY 142   INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY II (GL)   5 Units

An introduction to biology emphasizing evolution, animal physiology, ecology, fungal, plant and animal diversity. Dissections are required. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion and two hours of laboratory per week. This course is prerequisite to all advanced courses in biology for majors and minors. Offered every term.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND MATH 141 BOTH WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 200   WRITING IN BIOLOGY   3 Units

This course is designed to develop the written communication skills of Biology students. It satisfies the Writing Proficiency requirement for all Biology majors. The two units do not apply towards any Biology major or minor.
PREREQ: ENGLISH 102, BIOLOGY 141 & BIOLOGY 142 ALL WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 214   ECOLOGY AND SOCIETY (GM)   3 Units

A study of basic ecological concepts and their application to the identification, understanding, and abatement of contemporary environmental problems. Special emphasis is given to those problems resulting from man and his activities. This course is accepted as a course in conservation required for teacher licensure in the sciences.

BIOLOGY 220   INTRODUCTION TO EPIDEMIOLOGY (GM)   3 Units

Introduction to basic principles of tracking changes in health indicators and problems in modern society. We will cover both current and historical cases to learn techniques of gathering information, analysis, and application. Problems will include infectious diseases, environmental problems, and other areas of concern in population health.
PREREQ: MATH 141 OR WAIVER OF MATH 141
CROSS-LISTED: BIOLOGY 220/PUBHLTH 220

BIOLOGY 225   SCIENCE OF FORENSIC ANALYSIS   4 Units

An introduction to the scientific foundation of techniques used for criminal investigation.
PREREQ: MATH 141 AND TWO UNIVERSITY LEVEL LAB SCIENCE COURSES.

BIOLOGY 250   ECOLOGY & GEOLOGY OF YELLOWSTONE NATL. PARK & UPPER GREAT PLAINS (GL)   4 Units

An interdisciplinary introduction to field methods, geology, ecology and natural history. Involves on-line work with additional lectures and labs at Yellowstone National Park and locations en route. Additional course fees apply. Students with disabilities may be accomodated. Biology or Geology/Geography majors take Bio/Geo 451 or see Department Chair. Summers only.
COREQ: MATH 140 OR MATH 141
CROSS-LISTED: BIOLOGY 250 AND GEOLGY 250

BIOLOGY 251   INTRODUCTION TO GENETICS   4 Units

An introduction to the general principles of inheritance; subjects included are basic transmission genetics, molecular genetics, genetic engineering, mutations, and population genetics. Three hours of lecture and three hours of lab per week. Offered every semester.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, MATH 141 AND CHEM 102, ALL WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 253   INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY   3 Units

Introduction to the chemical and physical bases of life; bacterial and eukaryotic cell structure and function; cellular respiration; photosynthesis; and molecular biology. Three hours of lecture per week. Offered every semester.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER AND CHEM 102 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER. COREQ: CHEM 104

BIOLOGY 254   BIOTECHNOLOGY LABORATORY METHODS I   2 Units

Introduction to theory and practice in modern molecular biology labs, including principles of nucleic acid isolation/quantitation/manipulation, photometry, centrifugation, electrophoresis, and assay methods. Exercises include basic lab methods and techniques, DNA analysis including cloning, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction digests and RNA analysis. Three hours laboratory per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER AND CHEM 104 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 257   INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY   3 Units

A survey of ecosystems and animal and plant populations and communities. Topics include review of the Earth's major biomes and the physical factors that influence them, the ecology and evolution of populations, the nature of biotic communities, the structure and function of ecosystems, and the status and protection of biodiversity. Three hours of lecture per week. Optional field trip. Offered every semester.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER; UNREQ: BIOLOGY 214

BIOLOGY 258   FIELD EXPERIENCE   2 Units

Introduction to regional terrestrial and aquatic biological communities and field techniques for studying these communities. Field work and lectures will emphasize recognition of biotic community types, interpretation of their dynamics, and methods for identifying and surveying organisms. Weekend field trip required. Registration priority given to Ecology/Field majors.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF "C" OR BETTER; COREQ: BIOLOGY 257

BIOLOGY 301   INTRODUCTION TO BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE   3 Units

A survey of the biological and physiological bases of human and animal behavior, with particular attention to the following: Basic principles of the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of the nervous system; sensory and motor systems; sleep; circadian rhythms; sexual behavior; emotion and stress; motivation; learning, memory, and language; neurological disorders; psychopathology.
PREREQ: PSYCH 211 OR BIOLOGY 110 OR 4 CREDITS IN BIOLOGY
CROSS-LISTED: PSYCH 301 AND BIOLOGY 301

BIOLOGY 303   BIOSTATISTICS   4 Units

Students will learn fundamentals of hypothesis formation and testing, using a variety of univariate statistical methods. Consideration of experimental design and the evaluation of research methodologies published in the biological literature are explored in detail. Students will gain practical experience with implementation of statistical analyses using real world datasets and communicating these results effectively.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER AND MATH 141 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 311   MICROBIOLOGY   4 Units

Examination of organisms too small to be seen by the unaided eye, ranging from their molecular organization to their role in global ecology. Primary emphasis will be the study of bacteria and viruses, their beneficial or detrimental impacts on humans, animals, and plants, and their current and potential exploitation. Two lectures and two labs per week. Offered every term.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, BIOLOGY 251, BIOLOGY 253, CHEM 102, CHEM 104 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER; COREQ: CHEM 251 (RECOMMENDED ONLY)

BIOLOGY 315   BIRDING IN SOUTHERN WISCONSIN   2 Units

An introduction to birding skills and the identification of the more than 200 bird species of southern Wisconsin. Early morning field trips are mandatory. Online lectures and learning activities alternate with outdoor field trips. Reliable computer and on-line access as well as a strong sense of self-discipline are required.
PREREQ: SOPHOMORE STANDING AND C OR BETTER IN A PREVIOUS GL COURSE

BIOLOGY 340   COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY   4 Units

Dissection and study of vertebrate types emphasizing characteristic structures, general relationships, comparative anatomy, and the significance of adaptation and evolution. Laboratory work, lectures and quizzes.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENTS

BIOLOGY 341   DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY   4 Units

Explores the processes of embryonic development in plants and animals, emphasizing the experimental basis of contemporary knowledge in embryogenesis, morphogenesis, and in cell and tissue differentiation. The laboratory illustrates principles and processes in early development and includes the use of basic microscopy and imaging techniques to study embryonic processes. Skills in observation, experimental design, and data presentation will be developed.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251 AND BIOLOGY 253 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENTS

BIOLOGY 345   ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY   4 Units

A study of the functional mechanisms that underlie the life processes in animals. Six hours of laboratory and lecture per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 253 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 350   WINTER ECOLOGY & NATURAL HISTORY OF YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK   2 Units

A field course in Yellowstone National Park (YNP), exploring winter ecology, organisms' behavioral and physiological adaptioions and abiotic parameters of winter. We'll also examine the natural history of YNP and locations en route. There is preparatory on-line work and lectures and labs in YNP. Students with disabilities may be accommodated.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 120 OR BIOLOGY 141 OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR

BIOLOGY 351   THE PLANT KINGDOM   4 Units

A study of the major groups of plants with emphasis on structure, reproduction, classification and evolution.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENTS

BIOLOGY 353   PLANT TAXONOMY   4 Units

The principles of plant classification and identification, with emphasis on flowering plants of this region. Lectures, laboratories and field trips.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR

BIOLOGY 354   FIELD BOTANY   3 Units

A study of the identification and ecology of flowering plants, conifers and ferns. Emphasis will be given to the plants and plant communitites in the vicinity of the course location. A collection of local plants is required of all students. Field trips required. Summer session only.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 OR EQUIVALENT OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR

BIOLOGY 361   HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I   4 Units

A study of the structure and function of the human body at the level of organs and systems. This course covers the following topics: Anatomical Structure, Basic Histology, Bones, Muscles, and Nervous System. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 120 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR

BIOLOGY 362   HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II   4 Units

A study of the structure and function of the human body at the level of organs and systems. This is the second term course of a two term sequence. This course represents coverage of the following topics: Endocrinology, Circulatory System, Cardiac System, Lymphatic System, Respiration, Digestion and Metabolism, Renal, and Reproduction and Development. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 361 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR

BIOLOGY 363   MOLECULAR BIOLOGY   3 Units

The study of how nucleic acids and proteins interact to control the cell. Topics include DNA replication, chromosome structure, transcription, translation, control of gene expression, gene evolution and genomics. Experimental approaches to studying molecular biology are emphasized. Three hours of lecture per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251 AND BIOLOGY 253 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER; COREQ: CHEM 251

BIOLOGY 364   BIOTECHNOLOGY LABORATORY METHODS II   2 Units

Advanced theory, techniques, and practices employed in modern molecular/cell biology labs. Concepts/techniques covered will include advanced lab and instrumentation skills, advanced microscopy, eukaryotic cell culture, protein analytical methods, and application of bioinformatics methodology. Three hous of laboratory per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251, BIOLOGY 253, AND BIOLOGY 254 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER. COREQ: BIOLOGY 363 AND CHEM 251

BIOLOGY 370   AQUATIC BIOLOGY   4 Units

The study of aquatic environment, its fauna, flora and general ecology. The laboratory will emphasize the taxonomic study of aquatic organisms.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, BIOLOGY 257 AND CHEM 102 ALL WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 375   INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY   4 Units

A comprehensive study of the morphology, physiology, ecology and significance of the major groups of invertebrate animals. Six hours of laboratory and lecture per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENTS

BIOLOGY 390   BIOLOGY COLLOQUIUM   Repeatable   0.5 Units

Lecturer on current research and career opportunities in biology through the colloquium format. Required of Biology majors offered on a satisfactory/no credit basis every semester. May not be taken concurrently with Senior Biology Colloquium.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142 AND SOPHOMORE STATUS

BIOLOGY 400   SENIOR BIOLOGY COLLOQUIUM   0.5 Units

Continuation of Biological Sciences 630-390. Lectures on current research and career opportunities in biology through the colloquium format. Required of Biology majors. Offered on a satisfactory/no credit basis only. Offered every semester. May not be taken concurrently with BIOLOGY 390.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, BIOLOGY 390 AND SENIOR STATUS

BIOLOGY 412   IMMUNOLOGY   4 Units

Study of the function of cells and tissues of the vertebrate immune system. Topics include biology of critical molecules and cells, principles of innate, acquired, and adoptive immunity, immunogenetics, allergy, inflammation,autoimmunity,vaccines, and transplantation. The lab provides experience with modern serological and immunological laboratory techniques and instrumentation. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251 AND BIOLOGY 253 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENTS

BIOLOGY 416   ADVANCED AND MULTIVARIATE DATA ANALYSIS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES   3 Units

An introduction to multifactorial and multivariate data analyses commonly used in life sciences such as psychology and biology. Analyses include analysis of variance and covariance, multiple analysis of variance and covariance, multiple regression, foundations of structural equation modeling (path analysis and latent factor analysis), discriminant analysis and logistic regression.
PREREQ: PSYCH 215 OR BIOLOGY 303 OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR AND JUNIOR STANDING

BIOLOGY 421   BIOLOGICAL NANOTECHNOLOGY   3 Units

This course is a study of the theory, methods, instrumentation, and applications of biological nanotechnology. Emphasis is also placed on communicating scientific findings and the role that biological nanotechnology plays in the biomedical and environmental sciences.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 425   APPLICATIONS OF CELLULAR BIOLOGY   3 Units

This course helps students build on and integrate the knowledge they have gained in Introductory Biology and Introduction to Cell Biology through reading and analysis of primary scientific literature. The course is organized such that students work in small groups to analyze a series of research papers to explore how a scientific research plan changes in response to new data.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 253 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 430   ANIMAL BEHAVIOR   4 Units

Behavior of animals as individuals and groups, including study of causation, development, integration, evolution and adaptive value of behavior patterns. Lecture and laboratory.
PREREQ: JUNIOR STANDING AND ONE OF THE FOLLOWING: BIOLOGY 142 WITH A GRADE OF 'C' OR BETTER OR BIOLOGY 120 WITH A GRADE OF 'B' OR BETTER OR PSYCH 211 WITH A GRADE OF 'C' OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 442   ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY   3 Units

This course is an introduction to environmental toxicology that focuses on sources, transport, fate, accumulation, and toxicity of contaminants. Principles of toxicity testing and analysis of effects at different levels of biological organization (molecular to ecosystem) are covered. Information on select classes of contaminants, including emerging contaminants of concern are presented.
PREREQ: CHEM 102 AND BIOLOGY 214 OR BIOLOGY 257 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER

BIOLOGY 446   ORGANIC EVOLUTION   4 Units

History of evolutionary thought, evidences of evolution and analysis of evolutionary mechanisms and processes.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER AND EITHER (BIOLOGY 303, PSYCH 215, MATH 230, OR MATH 342) WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER.

BIOLOGY 448   BIOINFORMATICS   3 Units

Bioinformatics is an introduction to computer applications and algorithms currently used in the analysis of biological data, especially genomic and sequence data. The course entails lectures, discussions, readings and hands-on experience with bioinformatic software. Through exercises and individual research projects students acquire a working knowledge of contemporary computational methods and software.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER AND ONE OF THE FOLLOWING WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER: BIOLOGY 303, PSYCH 215, MATH 230, OR MATH 342
CROSS-LISTED: BIOLOGY 448 AND COMPSCI 448

BIOLOGY 450   INTRODUCTORY ENTOMOLOGY   4 Units

An introduction to the biology and classification of insescts. The course surveys insect structure, function, development, and evolution. Relevant insect physiology, ecology, and behavior are introduced. The laboratory surveys insect orders and a select group of Wisconsin families. An insect collection is required. Offered in the fall semester.
PREREQ: GRADE OF C OR BETTER IN BOTH BIOLOGY 141 & BIOLOGY 142

BIOLOGY 451   NATURAL HISTORY OF YELLOWSTONE NP AND THE UPPER GREAT PLAINS   3 Units

This is an introductory, multi-disciplinary, summer field course open to all. It is held at Yellowstone National Park and locations in route. Students will learn field methods, geology, ecology and natural history. It is suitable for biology and geology majors and anyone interested in field science or natural history.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 120 OR BIOLOGY 141 AND CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR

BIOLOGY 456   BIOCHEMISTRY OF METABOLISM AND SIGNALING   3 Units

The chemistry of biological systems, focusing on metabolism and biochemical signaling. Three lectures/week. For Chemistry majors (Biochemistry emphasis), Biology majors (allied health focus) and students interested in Biochemistry postgraduate education.
PREREQ: C OR BETTER IN BIOLOGY 120 OR BIOLOGY 141 (OR EQUIVALENT) OR INSTRUCTOR CONSENT AND BIOLOGY 251 AND BIOLOGY 253 AND CHEM 251 OR CHEM 454 AND CHEM 251
CROSS-LISTED: CHEM 456 AND BIOLOGY 456

BIOLOGY 457   GENERAL ECOLOGY   4 Units

A study of biotic populations and communities and natural ecosystems. Contemporary ecological theory and techniques will be emphasized, as well as their applications to the preservation of natural communities. Laboratory exercises will include field studies, laboratory experiments, and computer simulations and analysis. Six hours of lecture or laboratory per week.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 251; BIOLOGY 257; BIOLOGY 258; BIOLOGY 303 ALL WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENT; MATH 231 OR MATH 342 OR PSYCH 215 ALL WITH A GRADE OF C OR BETTER OR EQUIVALENT

BIOLOGY 458   RESEARCH IN BIOCHEMISTRY   2 Units

A laboratory course that teaches biochemical research techniques through guided original research projects.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 120 OR BIOLOGY 141 (OR EQUIVALENT) WITH A C OR BETTER AND CHEM 251 OR CONSENT OF INSTRUCTOR. COREQ: CHEM 454 OR BIOLOGY 456/CHEM 456
CROSS-LISTED: CHEM 458 AND BIOLOGY 458

BIOLOGY 490   WORKSHOP   Repeatable   1-3 Units

This course provides teaching experience at the college level for undergraduate students. Undergraduate teaching experience students will assist faculty members in preparing, delivering, and tearing down laboratory or discussion section instructional units in biology courses, conducting review sessions, and tutoring students under the direct supervision of a faculty mentor. S/NC only.

BIOLOGY 491   TRAVEL STUDY   Repeatable   1-3 Units

Variable topics. Faculty-led field courses. Prereq: Consent of instructor.

BIOLOGY 492   LABORATORY TEACHING EXPERIENCE   Repeatable   1 Units

This course provides teaching experience at the college level for undergraduate students. Undergraduate teaching experience students will assist faculty members in preparing, delivering, and tearing down laboratory or discussion section instructional units in biology courses, conducting review sessions, and tutoring students under the direct supervision of a faculty mentor. S/NC only.
PREREQ: GRADE OF B OR BETTER IN ASSIGNED COURSE AND A GPA OF 3.0 OR BETTER. APPROVAL OF FACULTY MENTOR AND THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT.

BIOLOGY 493   INTERNSHIP IN BIOLOGY   Repeatable   1-12 Units

Variable topics.

BIOLOGY 494   SEMINAR   Repeatable   1 Units

Variable topics. Group activity. An advanced course of study in a defined subject matter area emphasizing a small group in intense study with a faculty member. Repeatable two times for a maximum of 2 credits in degree. Prereq: 16 hours of biology including botany and zoology.
PREREQ: 16 HRS OF BIOLOGY INCLUDING BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142

BIOLOGY 496   SPECIAL STUDIES   Repeatable   1-3 Units

Variable topics. Group activity. Not offered regularly in the curriculum but offered on topics selected on the basis of timeliness, need, and interest, and generally in the format of regularly scheduled Catalog offerings. Repeatable for a maximum of 3 credits in major.

BIOLOGY 497   EXCHANGE STUDY   Repeatable   1-99 Units

Variable topics.

BIOLOGY 497L   EXCHANGE STUDY (GL)   Repeatable   72 Units

BIOLOGY 498   INDEPENDENT STUDY   Repeatable   1-3 Units

Typical projects may include helping researchers in conducting researvh projects or helping instructors develop pedagogical tools for their courses. Eligible students who are conducting their own research projects should enroll in BIOLOGY 498R. Repeatable for a maximum of 6 credits in major and degree or 2 units in the minor.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142 AND A 2.0 GRADE POINT AVERAGE IN BIOLOGY

BIOLOGY 498R   INDEPENDENT STUDY - UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH   Repeatable   1-3 Units

Students will complete and present an undergraduate research project unter the directior of a faculty mentor. Projects may require more than one semester to complete. Repeatable for a maximum of 6 units in major and degree or 2 in the minor.
PREREQ: BIOLOGY 141 AND BIOLOGY 142 AND 2.75 GPA IN BIOLOGY.

BIOLOGY 499   BIOLOGY THESIS   Repeatable   2-3 Units

A substantial research project written as a thesis. Two credits are taken in the first semester and three in the second semester. A proposal must be submitted at the midpoint of the first term and an oral defense takes place at the end of the second term. Thesis students must participate in BIOLOGY 498 discussions. Available only for senior students in Biology Honors Emphasis.
PREREQ: SENIOR STATUS